Read more

Area-based upper limits on livestock numbers


Maximum permissible herd numbers are linked to the utilised agricultural area per farm in order to protect ground- and surface and hence drinking water against nitrogen pollution and to reduce methane and ammonia emissions.


  • A properly functioning country-wide administration and monitoring system with access to the relevant information and sufficient technical and human capacities for its design, implementation and monitoring
  • Clear and coherent political strategy and targets for policy-makers and public authorities
  • Close cooperation and knowledge sharing with research institutions
  • Monitoring and control system for the agricultural production processes supported
  • Sanction mechanisms
  • Country-wide monitoring of livestock numbers, performance, and the risk of disease (e.g. via an animal health service)
  • Country-wide monitoring of natural resources and their quality (e. g. water, soil, forests, air, grassland)

Possible Negative Effects

  • Farmers circumvent the upper limit by dividing farms formally or for tax purposes
  • Livestock farms lose their development prospects
Verified by
Sign in
This page was last edited on 7 May 2023 | 7:22 (CEST)
  • Instruments
  • Policy Objectives